Premiere Generation

Updated 2017, April 29th.   

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FIRST GENERATION IN CANADA

PIERRE PARENTEAU
AND WIFE MADELEINE TISSERAN

first generation house
Krieghoff, Cornelius, The Habitant Farm, 1856, National Gallery of Canada

 

SUMMARY

Five Frenchmen and women with the surname Parenteau immigrated to New France or Canada in the seventeenth century. Among them were two young women, both daughters of Antoine Parenteau and Anne Brisson from the city of La Rochelle. The elder sister, Marie-Madeleine, married Robert Gagnon in Quebec City on October 3, 1657.  They settled on Orleans Island near Quebec City. The younger sister, Marie, married Antoine Fauvel on October 6, 1671 in Quebec City where they lived. Nicolas Parenteau, a bachelor,   also from La Rochelle, abjured his Protestant faith in Quebec City, June 29, 1671. A fourth Parenteau, François, a bachelor of about forty years old, was buried at Sainte-Anne-de-la-Pérade on June 8, 1722.

Ancestor Pierre Parenteau

Lastly, Pierre Parenteau, also known as Lafontaine, the ancestor of all the Parenteau descendants in North America, came to New France in the summer 1666 at the age of sixteen or seventeen years old. This was the start of a peaceful period with the Iroquois (Mohawks) which would last only twenty years.  He bore a second name called war name or war nickname, Lafontaine, which means he has been a soldier before being a farmer. All the soldiers were given a second name. He seldom bore this second war name, only in 1675, and his daughter, Marie-Jeanne, two times in 1708.

He was the son of the late Jean Parenteau and of Marguerite Fovestre (or Fauvestre ) of the parish of Bazauges, canton of Matha, township of Saint-Jean-d’Angély, cathedral town of Saintes, in France, today the department of Charente-Maritime in France. It is impossible to find his exact date of birth since there are no parish records before 1685. Because he declared his age as seventeen years in January 1667, and thirty two years in 1681, one can deduce that he was born in 1649.

The first years in Canada

The first mention of the presence of Pierre Parenteau in Canada is on January 20, 1667, when he was a witness at an inquiry dealing with trading of liquor with the Amerindians. He was living at that time near Trois-Rivières in Cap-de-la-Madeleine, a small borough fortified by a wooden palisade to protect its inhabitants from Iroquois (Mohawks) attacks. This borough land is now the Notre-Dame-du-Cap Shrine. At this inquiry he declared himself to be a servant of Jean Crevier and gave his age as about seventeen years. He said that he was not aware of the problems of liquor trading. Possibly he did not wish to implicate the people he saw on a daily basis. From the age of seventeen to approximately twenty two years, he earned his living clearing wooded land. In 1670 he probably started to clear his own land.

 The marriage in 1673 with Madeleine Tisseran

In Quebec City, at the age of twenty-four on September 12, 1673 he married Madeleine Tisseran who was twenty-three years old, christened July 21st, 1650 in the church St-Etienne, town of Cambronne-lès-Clermont, near Liancourt,in the French province of Picardie, north of Paris. They met only nine days before their marriage since Madeleine Tisseran arrived in Quebec on September the third of that year. She was the daughter of the late Louis Tisseran and of Louise Destré. The king of France, Louis the fourteenth, sent attractive young women, les «filles du Roy» (King’s daughters) to New France. They were chosen by the clergy, and possessed qualities required to make good wives. On September 9th, Madeleine Tisseran signed with Jean Amaury a contract of marriage that was cancelled. Two days later, on September 11th, 1673 she signed a contract of marriage with Pierre Parenteau, the day before their marriage celebrated in Québec City on September 12th, 1673.

Pierre Parenteau and Madeleine Tisseran established themselves in the seignory Rivière Saint-François belonging to Jean Crevier, on the island of Saint-Joseph, opposite the present village of Notre-Dame-de-Pierreville. Their land was officially granted to them on October 3, 1673. They had ten children, five of whom lived to adult age: Marguerite, Marie-Renée, Marie-Jeanne, Charles, and Pierre-Louis.

The death of Pierre Parenteau

In 1688, the Iroquois (Mohawks), already at war with those Amerindians allied with the French, and encouraged by the English in New England, started attacking French settlements along the St. Lawrence River, between Montréal and Trois-Rivières. It was during the last attack that Pierre Parenteau was killed in August 1693.

Francis-Back-Kidnapping-by-Mohawks

The seigneur Jean Crevier was captured and was saved from a violent death near Schenectady on Mohawk River, when some Dutchmen from Albany were able to buy him back with money sent by the Crevier family, but it was too late and he died there.  His wife, Madeleine Tisseran, left the seignory of Saint-François, before that last attack, between 1690 and 1692 with her five children, to live in Québec City, on Champlain Street. Her eldest daughter, Marguerite, 17 years old, had a first illegitimate child in Québec city, on December 9, 1692, and the father was a soldier. On July 27, 1695, the widow of Pierre Parenteau remarried. Her new husband, Jean Charpentier, nicknamed Pythagoras, would later be arrested for a robbery in a private home in Lauzon and banished from Québec City for three years after being whipped in the public squares of the city on March 4, 1697.

Back to the paternal land, Madeleine Tisseran died

Between 1700 and 1705, the Parenteau family and the second husband, Jean Charpentier, came back to live in the seignory Rivière Saint-François, on the paternal land of the island of Saint-Joseph with two children, Marie-Renée and Pierre-Louis.  Madeleine Tisseran died there at the age of fifty-five years old after receiving the last sacraments of the church, and was buried October 13, 1705. Two of her daughters lived in Québec City where they married. Her son, Charles, a bachelor, also lived in Québec City. In 1706 Marie-Renée, the second daughter married Pierre Bibeau who purchased the land on Saint-Joseph Island from the Parenteau heirs.

Jean Charpentier must move from the land of Parenteau heirs

Jean Charpentier also known as Pythagoras, Madeleine Tisseran’s second husband, had bought some property on Île-du-Fort (Fort Island) almost directly opposite from the Parenteau land. In 1706 after the death of Madeleine Tisseran he remarried in Varennes. Some time later he was arrested for severely wounding a soldier. His punishment was working in the King’s galleys. He escaped from prison and fled the country. His land on Île-du-Fort (Fort Island) which he had never paid for was resold. He died in Lavaltrie, opposite of Varennes, near Montréal, on April third, 1731.

The son Pierre-Louis Parenteau in Yamaska

Pierre-Louis Parenteau, the youngest of the five children, was granted a large piece of land at Yamaska the tenth of April 1710. When he was twenty-one, he married Marguerite Saint-Laurent, who was seventeen years old, in the seignory of Saint-François, on July 28, 1711. They settled in the county line of Petit-Chenal of Yamaska. They had fourteen children, eleven of whom lived to adult age.

Translated by Susan Berry in 1990 and updated by Gilles Parenteau in 2010.

 

 

 

The children of Pierre Parenteau

Ten children of whom five survived

1- MARIE

– Born in the seignory Rivière Saint-François, St. Joseph Island facing the village of Notre-Dame-de-Pierreville;
– Baptized June 22nd, 1674 (Christening recorded in the parish Saint-Pierre-de-Sorel and extra in the index only. The act itself valuation missing person);
– Died before the census of 1681.

2- MARGUERITE

– Born on May 23rd, 1675 in the seignory Rivière Saint-François. Christening recorded in the parish Saint-Pierre-de-Sorel, later but before July 13th, 1675; godfather: Laurent Philippe known as Lafontaine l’Outaouais; godmother: Marguerite David;
– She was godmother of an Amerindian on February 11th, 1689 in the parish Saint-François-du-Lac;
– She had two children before getting married: 1° Jean, baptized at Québec, on December 10th, 1692, whose father was a soldier and who was adopted by a family of Lauzon at the age of 3 years, and 2° Jacques, baptized at Québec, on March 11th 1695;
– Married to Jacques Berthelot, a casual laborer and seaman native to Paris, December 1st, 1696 in Quebec.   Fourteen children come from their marriage;
– They remained on the street Petit-Champlain at Quebec, at the bottom of the actual Chateau Frontenac hotel;
– She died in Quebec on March 24th, 1732 at the age of 56 years and was buried the following day; her husband died at the main hospital (Hôtel-Dieu) of Québec, on May 15th, 1721 at the age of 50 years.

3- MARIE-RENÉ

– Born April 4th, 1677 in the seignory Rivière St-François; 
– Baptized on April 29th, 1677 in the parish Saint-François-du-Lac (Christening registered in the parish St-Pierre-de-Sorel); godfather: René Fort (or Faure); godmother: Marguerite Hertel, wife of the lord Jean Crevier;
– Married in the parish Saint-François-du-Lac on November 28th, 1706 to Pierre Bibeau.
– The priest called her Madeleine, in the religious registry. Seven children came from their marriage;
– They were established on Saint Joseph Island, on the ancestral land of Parenteau;
– Pierre Bibeau died drowned in the Saint-François Bay and was buried on November 3rd, 1744 in the cimetery of the parish Saint-François-du-Lac on Du Fort Island;
– Marie-René died at the age of 79 years, on June 9th, 1756 in Saint-François.

4- JEAN-BAPTISTE

– Baptized in the seignory Rivière Saint-François, August 8th, 1679, (Christening recorded in the parish Saint-Pierre-de-Sorel);
– Died before the census of 1681.

5- MARIE-JEANNE
– Born September 8th, 1680 in the seignory Rivière St-François; baptized September 16th, 1680. (Christening recorded in Saint-Pierre-de-Sorel); godfather: Jean Poirier; godmother: Marguerite Girard;
– Died before the inventory of 1681.

6- MARIE-CHARLOTTE

– Born October 22nd, 1681 in the seignory Rivière Saint-François;
– Baptized November 16th, 1681. (Christening recorded in Saint-Pierre-de-Sorel); godfather: Martin Giguère; godmother: Charlotte Giguère
– Died as a juvenile.

7- MARIE-JEANNE

– Baptized the seignory Rivière Saint-François on May 6th, 1684. (Christening recorded to Saint-Pierre-de-Sorel. The register was lost, but the name and the date appear in the index);
– She carried the nickname of his father twice,  » dit Lafontaine « , during christening and of burial of his first child, on February 21st and March 29th, 1708, in Beauport;
– Married in Beauport on February 26th, 1708, to Guillaume Lavigne, soldier. Eleven children are born in their marriage;
– Died in Quebec on May 22nd, 1755 at the age of 71 years and buried the following day;
– She resided on St-Charles street, now called street Saint-Vallier, at the bottom of the actual main hospital of Old Quebec;
– Her husband, Guillaume Lavigne, was soldier and a day laborer.

8- MARIE-MADELEINE

– Baptized the seignory Rivière Saint-François on February 28th, 1686. (Christening recorded in Saint-Pierre-de Sorel. The act of christening disappeared, but the name and the date appear in the index);
– Died juvenile.

9- CHARLES

– Born July 10th, 1687 in the seignory Rivière Saint-François;
– Baptized July 12th, 1687 in the church of Rivière Saint-François. (Christening recorded in Saint-Pierre-de-Sorel); godfather: Laurent Philippe; godmother: Marguerite Maugras;
– Single person or married elsewhere than in New-France. Without posterity in Canada; he lived Quebec in 1713 and 1718 at least; date and place of deceases not known in Québec.

10- PIERRE-LOUIS

– Born between January 2nd and 12th, 1690 in the seignory of Saint-François-du-Lac;
– Baptized January 12th, 1690, in the seignory Rivière Saint-François, in the domestic chapel of the manor of Jean Crevier, lord of Rivière Saint-François; godfather: Louis Crevier, son of the lord; godmother: Marie-Marthe Forcier;
– Raised during his childhood in Quebec where he has gone with his remaining family after the death of his father;
– 1710, April 10th, he takes possession of land in the Petit-Chenal (the Small Channel) of the Yamaska River;
– Married to the parish Saint-François-du-Lac, on July 28th, 1711 with Marguerite Laurent known as Saint-Laurent;
– They had 14 children among whom 11 live to adulthood;
– Died accidentally on June 4th, 1745 in Yamaska. Burial the following day in Yamaska;
– His widow died on September 5th, 1775 and was buried the following day in Yamaska;
– Pierre-Louis is the forefather of all Parenteau of North America Quebec.

NOTE: One called François Parenteau, buried â Saint-Anne-de-la-Pérade, on June 8th, 1722. He would not be the son of Pierre Parenteau and Madeleine Tisseran. The 5 minor survivors of Pierre Parenteau are named in the bill of sale of the land of Parenteau, on October 29th, 1713.

The genealogists Tanguay and Jetté mistakenly indicate him as the son of Pierre Parenteau.

PRDH pretends now that this François would be in fact Charles, the 9th child and 5th surviving child of Pierre Parenteau and Madeleine Tisseran.